Jejum intermitente no emagrecimento: uma revisão sistemática

Carla Laine Silva Lima, Paula Alves Salmito, Lucelina da Silva Araújo, Sandra Machado Lira, José Ytalo Gomes da Silva, Marcelo Oliveira Holanda, Raquel Teixeira Terceiro Paim, Nicolas Maurício Girão

Resumo


Dentre as várias estratégias nutricionais que existem para faciltiar a perda de peso, uma das mais populares é a dieta do Jejum Intermitente (JI). Normalmente, JI é definido por uma restrição total ou parcial na ingestão de energia entre um a três dias por semana, ou uma restrição completa na ingestão de energia por um período definido do dia. Este estudo trata-se de um artigo de revisão que objetivou fornecer visão ampla das dietas de jejum intermitentes e evidenciar os possíveis efeitos no processo de emagrecimento por meio dessa estratégia nutricional. Foi realizada uma busca nas bases de dados Pubmed, Lilacs, Medline e a biblioteca eletrônica Scielo a fim de identificar artigos científicos publicados no período de 2007 a 2017. Foram selecionados 44 artigos, contendo os descritores, em português e inglês: “jejum”, “restrição calórica” e “emagrecimento’’. De forma geral, muitos dos estudos analisados sugerem que o JI é eficiente para redução de peso, incluindo benefícios como, melhora do metabolismo da glicose, saúde cardiovascular e manutenção de massa magra. No entanto, pode ser verificado que dos estudos desenvolvidos em humanos, publicados no intervalo de tempo foco da pesquisa, envolveram principalmente JI de curto prazo e grupos com número reduzido de indivíduos, ficando, desta forma, questionamento sobre possíveis adaptações biológicas e efeitos futuros sobre o risco de doenças que possam ocorrer em indivíduos que praticam essa dieta.


Palavras-chave


Jejum; Dieta; Perda de peso; Restrição calórica

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Referências


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