O efeito de um programa de caminhada de seis meses com intensidade moderada na saúde mental, qualidade de vida e qualidade subjetiva do sono em idosos não ativos com diabetes tipo 2

Vahid Bakhshalipour, Bisotoon Azizi, Siavash Khodaparast Sareshkeh

Resumo


Diabetes tipo 2 é uma doença comum, cara e crônica e as pessoas com esta doença têm um nível de saúde inferior ao de outras pessoas. O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar o efeito de um programa de exercício de caminhada moderada, durante seis meses, sobre a saúde mental, qualidade de vida e qualidade subjetiva do sono em idosos não ativos com diabetes tipo 2. O método deste estudo foi semi-empírico com um desenho de pré-teste-pós-teste com o grupo controle. Quarenta sujeitos foram propositadamente selecionados pela amostra de conveniência. Três questionários padrão com alta validade e um protocolo de treinamento apropriado foram utilizados por um período de seis meses. Os dados coletados foram analisados pelo coeficiente de correlação de Pearson e One Way ANOVA. Os resultados mostraram que não houve diferença significativa entre as variáveis antes da intervenção (P> 0,05), mas que houve diferença significativa entre os grupos controle e experimental após a intervenção (p <0,05). O exercício aeróbico regular pode ser um exemplo de programas de promoção da saúde mental em diabéticos tipo 2 e pode ser efetivo na melhora da qualidade de vida e qualidade subjetiva do sono e na redução da quantidade de glicose em idosos.

 

ABSTRACT

The effect of a 6-months moderate-intensity walking exercise program on mental health, quality of life, and sleep subjective quality in non - active elderly people with type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a common, costly, and chronic disease that people with this disease have a lower level of health than other people. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 6-months moderate-intensity walking exercise program on mental health, quality of life, and sleep subjective quality in non - active elderly people with type 2 diabetes. The method of this study was semi empirical with a design of pre-test-post-test with the control group. Forty subjects were purposely selected by the convenience sampling. Three standard questionnaires with a high validity and validity and an appropriate training protocol were used for a period of six months. The collected data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and One Way ANOVA. The results showed that there was no significant difference between variables before the intervention (P>0.05), but that there was a significant difference between the control and experimental groups after the intervention (p<0.05). The regular aerobic exercise can be an example of promotion programs for mental health in type 2 diabetic patients and it can be effective in the improvement of the quality of life and sleep subjective quality and in the reduction of the amount of glucose in the elderly people.


Palavras-chave


Walking; Mental health; Quality of life; Sleep subjective quality; Non-active elderly people; Type 2 diabetes

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